Why Do Plants Need Soil?

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Soil is important for plants because it holds roots that provide support for plants, and also stores nutrients that are used by the plant to grow.

Have you ever wondered what a plant needs to grow well ?! The answer to this question is not a tool, a seed, or a greenhouse, but it is simpler than that.

In this article, all the things that a plant needs to grow and in a word, the effective factors in plant growth are discussed and you can easily grow a plant in your home.

Why Do Plants Need Soil?
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What Are the Effective Factors in Plant Growth ?

Every plant needs a climate to survive, breathe and stay beautiful. You may ask why only the weather? The answer is that many plants grow in water and do not need soil.

Such as aerobic plants, aquatic plants, and plants such as photos, Hassan Youssef, bamboo, and others that grow in water and do not need soil. But apart from these, there are other factors that we will explain more about in the following. Why Do Plants Need Soil and What is needed for plant growth?

Proper Irrigation

There is no doubt that every living thing, with the exception of some microbes, needs water to survive. Especially plants.

With the exception of some species of plants that can withstand droughts, such as cacti and succulents, most plants should be watered regularly.

When water droplets go into the soil, the roots absorb them and carry them from the inside to the stems and leaves, just like the blood flow in our body! Also, nutrients in the soil are soaked with water and enter the plant more easily.

Irrigation in plants requires special attention to prevent the plant from drying out and flooding. So be aware of the amount of water you give your plant.

All of these tips on watering depend on your plant, and some plants need more water and some need less water to survive. So first get enough information about your plant and then bring it home for maintenance.

Use Three General Nutrients

As mentioned earlier, nutrients are soaked in water and absorbed by the roots, thus meeting the plant’s needs.

Vitamins for plants are like food for us humans, so they may survive without eating them, but they are not fresh.

So the plant has no chance to grow and stay fresh without these nutrients, and today these vitamins can be found in soils and fertilizers.

The three elements needed for plant growth are:

Nitrogen (N):

Nitrogen makes the leaf green, and we have all read in our elementary sciences that there is a substance in the leaf called chlorophyll that makes the leaf green by photosynthesis.

Phosphorus (P):

Phosphorus is responsible for the production of plants with large leaves and strong roots, can provide the vitamin needed by the plant, and is very important for cell isolation and the development of new tissues.

Potassium (K):

At first, potassium helps the plant fight disease, but it also regulates CO2 uptake and activates enzymes.

Plant fertilizers are saturated with these nutrients to help your plant. But you should note that, like irrigation, too much nutrient overrun causes irreparable damage. You also need to know the type of fertilizer you want depending on the type of plant.

Choose the Right Soil for Your Plant

Soil for plants is like home for us humans, a place where all our needs are met. Seeds do not grow without soil and plant nutrients are supplied from the soil. Of course, according to what has been said, there are also plants that do not need soil but can also grow in soil.

Also, there are different types of soil that are suitable for different plants and provide different conditions for plants.

Person Holding Cup With Green Plant
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In addition to different types of soil, there are plants that need special soil for growth, which we will get acquainted with the best soils in the market that are suitable for plants:

1. Loamy soil

Loam soil has a complete combination of clay, sand, sand, and silt with a little humus, and the factors that cause this type of soil are very desirable for plants, such as:

 PH:  The optimum pH for most plants is between 6.0 and 7.0, which takes into account the need for plant growth, because soil acidity allows nutrients to grow and be fully utilized by the plant.

Calcium: Calcium helps maintain the balance of chemicals in the soil. It also ensures that water in the soil reaches the roots properly.

Texture: The texture of the soil is dry and soft, but it is very useful for retaining water and nutrients and allows air to reach the roots.

2. Sandy soil

The fact that sand forms a large amount of soil is a strength, but it alone does not do a good job of retaining water and nutrients.

Sand is great for plants that need a neutral pH to grow and survive. There are plants that prefer perfectly sandy soil, but if you want to prepare this soil for your plant, first make sure that this soil is suitable for it.

3. Garden soil

Garden soil is very rich and retains water and nutrients well, and the only thing about it is that it is not suitable for plants that need a lot of irrigation.

This soil is very suitable for some ornamental plants that need a lot of irrigation, but it is still better to learn more about the plant before buying this soil for your plant.

Provide Adequate Air and Light for Your Plants

Just like humans, plants need air and light to live, and without it, a plant can not grow and germinate. Fresh, unpolluted air reaches the leaves and soil and is absorbed by the roots through the soil.

Sunlight is also essential for photosynthesis, even if some plants grow with bulbs. But again, like other factors, intense sunlight is harmful to the plant and dries the soil, and damages the roots and leaves of the plant.

Therefore, maintaining a balance in light and irrigation can keep plants healthy. Temperature is also an important factor and is adjusted in relation to the location of the plant, its type, light, and irrigation.

Can I Keep Houseplants in the Garden and Outside the House?

Yes; Most plants can be kept both indoors and outdoors. You can take it out in the summer and on cool days to get fresh air, but do not expose it to strong and direct sunlight. Rain can also wash its leaves.

Should We Use Pesticides for Plants?

In addition to all the components needed for plant growth, pesticides are also very important, especially the natural varieties that you can make using your own article on how to make your own homemade pesticides. You should know that prevention is better than cure, so as the weather warms up and summer comes, be sure to spray your plants.

Can I Grow Plants in a Terrarium (Glass Environment)?

Terrariums are a great option for growing plants that like moisture and can grow and thrive alongside other plants. Note, however, that not all plants can tolerate this. Plants such as spoons, orchids, cocoons, and succulents are suitable for terrariums.

Clear Light Bulb Planter on Gray Rock
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Can Exotic Plants Be Grown at Home?

The answer to this question depends on the type of this exotic plant and you should know that such plants need more care. So you must first make sure that you can keep it with your other plants. Plants such as insectivorous plants are even useful indoors and can swallow harmful insects.


Great Plant Escape – Why Is Soil So Important? (n.d.). Https://Web.Extension.Illinois.Edu/. https://web.extension.illinois.edu/gpe/case2/c2m2.html#:%7E:text=Soil%20is%20important%20for%20plants,for%20secrets%20in%20the%20soil.

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