Everyone knows that for a good harvest it is necessary to maintain a normal level of soil moisture. In some cases, it is even much more important than extra periodic watering.
Mulching and loosening, which is also sometimes called dry watering. This helps to maintain soil moisture.
When loosening, the top layer of soil, covered with a crust, is destroyed, so moisture reaches the lower layers.
How to Keep Soil Moist?
An important point is to protect the soil from moisture evaporation. Here you will need non-woven material or mulch. Do not use plastic wrap. It retains not only water but also air. Also, this is harmful to plants.
It is also harmful in hot weather. It significantly increases the temperature of the soil, which is detrimental to plants.
Non-woven material does not allow air retention and at the same time perfectly retains moisture. Fasten the edges of the fabric by spreading all the material evenly over the bed.
In the place where the plant is planted, it is necessary to make cruciform incisions. If you are planting annuals, the tissue will be removed after harvest. For the rest, it can not be removed for up to 5 years.
Most often, loose mulching agents are used. They should be sprinkled after loosening the soil when it dries out in the spring. Its layer must be at least six centimeters. On near-trunk plots of land, you can leave this layer until autumn, after which it is dug up along with the ground.
The best mulching materials are:
- wood chips
- pine nut shells
- tree bark
- coconut substratum.
The Importance of Soil Moisture Content for Efficient Agriculture
None of the physical processes in the atmosphere and environment can occur without water. Soil moisture depends on the amount of rainfall. Also, How much water is consumed by the plants in that area.
Proper soil moisture levels are of great importance for yield. Therefore plants will not grow and thrive with insufficient soil moisture. Water has other purposes, which are as follows:
- Soil moisture levels affect salinity, air content and toxic substances.
- Regulates the structure, ductility and density.
- Influences temperature and heat capacity.
- Prevent soil erosion.
- Determines the availability of the fields to be worked.
Why It Is Necessary to Maintain Adequate Soil Moisture in Your Crops
In ancient times, good harvests were believed to be the work of the gods. Today we know that good results come, to a favorable climate, from good practices. Measuring soil moisture is Among the fundamental tasks of the industrial sector. It helps to optimize crop yields.
knowing the humidity of the soil, we can know if there is an excess of humidity. The water is dragging the nutrients that the plant needs to grow.
You can regulate the temperature of the soil to homogenize the humidity that the plants require. Cultures promote the growth of certain microorganisms, Which has a positive impact.
Having knowledge about the moisture content in soils can avoid unnecessary waste of water from the field.
10 Ways to Keep Moisture in Your Garden
With our hotter summers, the price of energy for irrigation becomes an important issue. There are many ways to conserve moisture without investing heavily in irrigation management.
The following 10 tips will help you improve the environment. Also, These tips will save money on the delivery of water around the site.
Improve the Soil
Improve the soil in your area by applying plenty of well-rotted manure or homemade compost for digging each spring. Moisture Retain Better if you have more organic matter. just scatter a thick layer of compost within the site in spring. (when there is a lot of moisture in the soil).
Help individual plants by making wide planting holes with plastic sheeting. Make holes large enough for the root system of plants. Cover the bottom with a film.
You can cover only the edges, freeing up space in the middle. Mix soil with well-rotted manure before backfilling. The polyethylene liner will slow down the draining of the water. It helps to retain more moisture at the roots of the plants.
Collaborate with Nature
You should not suffer from the cultivation of moisture-loving plants on dry stony soils. Choose plants that do well in dry conditions for problem areas. Drought-tolerant plants have foliage designed to help them deal with water shortages.
Mulch, Mulch and More Mulch
Covering the surface of your soil, mulch will reduce water evaporation. It will slow down the weeds and, with the right approach, even decorate the site. Always apply mulch in the fall and spring when the soil is still damp.
Gravel, pebbles, and shredded bark will make for an attractive cover. While a layer of well-rotted compost will help feed the plants. If aesthetics are not an issue, try planting through a sheet of polyethylene or agro fiber.
Collect Rainwater Where You Need It
We all know about the environmental benefits of harvesting rainwater. Place water collectors where they will be most useful.
Install them behind the greenhouse, on the terrace, or next to the garden. So that water is at hand when you need it.
You can also collect dirty water from the kitchen, bath, or shower to water your plants. But only if you haven’t used harsh chemical cleaners.
Water the plantings early in the morning before the rest of the horticultural work. Watering early will reduce evaporative moisture loss. So your plants will benefit fully from the water you give them.
Watering in the morning will also give your plants enough time to dry out before the nighttime cooldown sets in. This will reduce the likelihood of damage to plants by slugs and fungal diseases.
Also try to water the plants under the root, without wasting water on wetting the foliage.
Use a Gel That Retains Moisture
When planting plants in hanging pots and containers, add a moisture-retaining gel to the soil to retain moisture in the soil.
These are small crystals that swell when watered and retain moisture at the roots of plants throughout the hot day.
Not all plants need the same amount of water each day, so selective watering can be afforded. Your fruit and vegetable crops are worth the effort. But lawns are surprisingly resistant to lack of moisture.
Don’t worry if they turn brown. In fact, if you let them grow without mowing a little longer. Lawns will generally do well without additional irrigation.
Prioritize plants in containers, hanging pots, and newly planted. To keep vulnerable plants from drying out. Try installing small automated watering systems in their planting sites.
Water as Needed
A good watering once every few days (or when the soil becomes dry) will help the plants develop deep, healthy root systems. Avoid light watering every day, they encourage plant roots to grow near the soil surface, making them more vulnerable to drought.
Choose Containers Wisely
Earth in hanging containers placed on an outdoor deck or patio always dries quickly. However, you can make your watering more efficient by choosing plastic or glazed pots. Group pots together so they can benefit from each other’s shade from the foliage.
Make sure the plants have enough space in the container. large root systems require extra moisture. Transplant them into larger pots if needed to help the soil stay moist longer.
Keep plantings free of weeds. They will grow rapidly and compete with beneficial plants for valuable moisture. Timely weeding and mulching will help you with this.
Dillon, K. (2021, April 12). 11 Ways To Keep Potted Plants Hydrated | Install-It Direct. INSTALL-IT-DIRECT. https://www.installitdirect.com/learn/how-to-keep-container-plants-from-drying-out/
S. (2017, July 7). 5 Easy Steps to Keep Your Garden Hydrated This Summer. Clackamas River Water. https://crwater.com/5-easy-steps-keep-garden-hydrated-summer/